Root canal therapy is a common dental procedure, often misunderstood and surrounded by myths. It’s crucial to understand what a root canal is and why it’s necessary, as it can save a tooth that might otherwise need to be extracted. This blog aims to demystify the root canal process, providing clear insights into what patients can expect during this procedure.

What is a Root Canal?

A root canal is a dental procedure used to treat infection at the center of a tooth (the root canal system). It’s necessary when the pulp inside your tooth, made up of nerves and blood vessels, becomes infected due to decay or injury. The purpose of a root canal is to remove the infection and protect the tooth from further microbial invasion.

Contrary to popular belief, root canal therapy is not painful but is performed to relieve pain. With modern techniques and anesthetics, it is comparable to getting a filling and can be done with minimal discomfort.

How To Know if You Need a Root Canal

Delaying treatment for a tooth that needs a root canal can lead to increased pain, the spread of infection and even tooth loss. Early intervention is key to preserving the tooth and maintaining oral health.

Symptoms that may indicate the need for a root canal include severe tooth pain, prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold, tooth discoloration, swollen gums, and a persistent pimple on the gums. However, in some cases, there may be no symptoms, which is why regular dental checkups are essential.

The Process of Root Canals Explained

Initial Examination and Preparation

The first step in a root canal is a thorough examination, often including X-rays, to determine the extent of the infection. The dentist will then administer a local anesthetic to numb the area, ensuring a pain-free procedure. A small protective sheet called a dental dam is placed over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and free of saliva during the procedure. 

Cleaning the Root Canal

The dentist will make an opening in the crown of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. Using specialized tools, they will carefully remove the infected or damaged pulp, then clean and disinfect the root canal system. This step is crucial to prevent further infection and prepare the tooth for filling. 

Filling and Sealing the Tooth

After cleaning and shaping the root canal, the dentist fills it with a biocompatible material, usually a rubber-like substance called gutta-percha. The opening in the tooth is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling. 

Restoration of the Tooth

Following the root canal procedure, a tooth may need further restoration to protect it and restore its full function. This might involve placing a crown on the tooth, especially if it’s one that endures significant chewing forces.

Aftercare and Recovery

Recovery after a root canal is typically straightforward. Patients may experience some sensitivity or discomfort, which can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers. It is important to follow your dentist’s instructions, practice good oral hygiene, and avoid chewing on the treated tooth until it’s fully restored. Your dentist will likely schedule a follow-up visit to ensure the tooth is healing properly and to place a permanent restoration if needed.

Contact Your Local Dentist Today

Root canal therapy is a highly effective way to preserve a tooth that would otherwise be lost to infection. If you are experiencing symptoms that might require a root canal, or if you are looking for a dependable dentist in the Central Arkansas area, Dr. Tina Nichols, DDS, in Little Rock, is here to help. With over 20 years of experience in the dental field, Dr. Nichols combines expertise with compassionate care to ensure your root canal procedure is as comfortable and effective as possible. Don’t hesitate to address tooth pain or discomfort. Schedule your appointment today by contacting us at (501) 664-7444, and take the first step toward a healthier, pain-free smile.