Tooth sensitivity is a common dental concern, often resulting in discomfort or pain when consuming hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks. Understanding the causes and treatments of sensitive teeth is essential for those who experience this discomfort. This blog aims to explore the various aspects of tooth sensitivity and the available treatment options. 

What Causes Sensitive Teeth?

1. Enamel Erosion and Dentin Exposure

The most common cause of sensitive teeth is the erosion of enamel, the tooth’s protective outer layer. Enamel erosion exposes the dentin, a softer, porous layer underneath. Dentin has microscopic tubules leading to the tooth’s nerve center, and exposure to certain stimuli can result in sensitivity. 

2. Gum Recession and Root Exposure

Gum recession, often due to gum disease or aggressive brushing, can expose the tooth roots. Unlike the crown of the tooth, these roots are not covered by enamel and are more susceptible to sensitivity. 

3. Other Contributing Factors

Other factors that can lead to sensitive teeth include tooth decay, fractured teeth, worn fillings, teeth grinding (bruxism), and post-dental treatment sensitivity, such as after teeth whitening procedures or dental restorations.

Treatment Options for Sensitive Teeth

1. Desensitizing Toothpaste

One of the first-line treatments for sensitive teeth is using desensitizing toothpaste. These toothpastes contain compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve. 

2. Fluoride Application

Professional fluoride treatments applied by a dentist can strengthen tooth enamel and reduce pain associated with tooth sensitivity. Fluoride helps in remineralizing the enamel, thereby decreasing sensitivity. 

3. Restorative Treatments

In cases where tooth decay or fractured teeth are the cause of sensitivity, restorative treatments such as fillings, crowns, or bonding may be necessary. These treatments repair the damaged teeth and protect the sensitive areas. 

4. Gum Grafts

If gum recession is the cause of sensitivity, a gum graft may be recommended. This procedure involves taking gum tissue from elsewhere in the mouth and attaching it to the affected site to cover exposed roots. 

5. Root Canal Treatment

For severe and persistent tooth sensitivity that doesn’t respond to other treatments, a root canal may be necessary. This procedure treats problems in the dental pulp, effectively eliminating sensitivity. 

6. Behavioral Changes

Simple lifestyle and behavioral changes can also help manage tooth sensitivity. These include using a softer toothbrush, avoiding over-aggressive brushing, and reducing the intake of acidic foods and drinks.

Schedule Your Dental Checkup Today

Regular dental checkups are essential in identifying and treating the underlying causes of tooth sensitivity. It allows for early detection and treatment of conditions that may contribute to sensitivity, such as cavities or early signs of gum disease. Your dentist can provide you with personalized advice and treatment plans based on the specific cause of your sensitivity, as well as recommend products that can alleviate your symptoms and prevent further enamel erosion or gum recession.

Tooth sensitivity can significantly affect your quality of life, but with the right care, it can be managed effectively. For those in the Central Arkansas area, Dr. Tina Nichols, DDS, located in Little Rock, is an ideal choice for dependable dental care. Boasting over 20 years of experience in the dental field, Dr. Nicholds is well-equipped to diagnose and treat a wide range of dental issues, including sensitive teeth. Don’t let the tooth sensitivity disrupt your life. Schedule your appointment today by calling (501) 664-7444, and take a step towards a healthier, more comfortable smile.